11. Acupoint finger-pressure therapy
This therapy uses the fingers to press on certain acupoints to treat certain diseases according to the patients, pathologic conditions and acupoints concerned. It's also called point fingering or acupoint pressing.
There are five commonly used methods.
(1) Pressing: The tip or belly of the thumb, and index finger or middle finger is used to press on certain acupoints of the body to treat certain diseases. Generally speaking, the pressing strength of the thumb is stronger than that of the index and middle fingers. While the strength of the finger tip is stronger than that of the finger belly. In pressing the finger puts on the acupoint firmly without shift to press lightly first and then heavily. The time for pressing is 1 minute for each acupoint when the patient feels comfortable ( Fig. 6 - 42a). It can be used to treat various algesic diseases such as headache, toothache and chest pain, etc.
(2) Percussion: The proximal joint of the middle finger or the tip of the finger is bent to percuss certain acupoints. In doing percussion, the wrist joints makes efforts. The percussion should be made flexibly, elastically and rhythmically. In percussion, the percussing tremor should be transmitted deep into the bone. The frequency for percussion is 100 times a minute. The intensity of percussion is decided by the pathologic condition in question and the regions to be percussed. This method is mainly used to treat distending pain for unsmoothness of articulation (Fig. 6-42b).
(3) Nailing: The nail of thumb or index or middle finger is used to nail certain acupoints. In operation, a little absorbent cotton is put on the nail (to prevent the damage of the skin by the nail). The nailing should be done lightly and slowly to avoid causing pain (Fig. 6-42c). This method is mainly used to deal with the acu-points located on a narrow region such as Shuigou, Yingxiang and Shaoshang. This therapy is often used for emergent treatment or for the treatment of nasal sinusitis and sore throat.
(4) Pinching and nailing: Two fingers are used in symmetry to pinch and to nail the acupoints. The thumb and index finger, the thumb and middle finger, or the thumb, small and the fourth finger press at the upper and lower or on the left and right of the acupoints in correspondence to each other ( such as Neiguan and Waiguan, Yin-lingquan and Yanglingquan, Taixi and Kunlun). Or the thumb may nail the acupoint with the aid of the other four fingers on the other side (Fig. 6- 42d). The method is mainly used for emergent treatment or treatment of emergent cases of coma and convulsion, etc.
(5) Kneading and rubbing: The belly of the thumb or middle finger is used to knead slowly and mildly around the acupoint selected. This is kneading. Rubbing means to make rotatory movement with the tip of the fingers. Sometimes the two are used together. The frequency is 100 times a minute. The time for kneading can be relatively longer, generally 1 -2 minutes till mild blood stasis appearing in the skin (Fig. 6 -42e). This method is mainly used to treat convulsion and numb pain.
This method can be used to eliminate muscular cramps, reinforce muscular contraction, regulate central nerve to promote blood circulation and metabolism, reinforce body resistance and treat diseases. So this method can be used to treat all the diseases included in the indication of acupuncture. It is especially applicable to algesic syndrome, muscular spasm and strain, etc.